KOTLA FIROZ SHAH, FIROZABAD WITHTHE
REMAINING WALLS, BASTIONS AND GATEWAYS, GARDENS, THE OLD MOSQUE AND WALL AND ALL THE OTHER RUINED BUILDINGS IT CONTAINS-
Kotla Firuz Shah, the citadel of Firuzabad, was known as Kushk-i-Firuz which formed the Fifth City of Delhi built by Firuz Shah Tughluq (A.D. 1351-88). It consists of three rubble-built walled rectangular enclosures, with their eastern wall in one alignment. The central enclosure is larger than the other two. The main gateway to the central enclosure from the west is flanked by a bastion on either side. The walls
of the ramparts, provided with bastions in the corners, are pierced by loop-holes, without, however, a
platform for the archer to stand. The Jami Masjid and a pyramidal structure with the Asokan pillar are two
other important monuments in the enclosure. Jami Masjid is ascended by a gateway on the north and rests on a series of cells on the ground floor. The cloisters on the sides of its courtyard and its prayer hall have disappeared, with only a rear wall standing on the western side. The Jami Masjid was one of the largest
mosques of Tughluq times and Timur is mentioned having visited it to offer his prayers. Firuz Shah Tughluq had brought the Asokan Pillar from Topra (Ambala Distt.) and had it installed on top of a lofty rubble-built pyramidal structure of three diminishing storeys, each consisting of cells with arched entrances. Originally, the pillar appears to have been enclosed within stone railing which has long disappeared. The Asokan inscription on this column was the first to have been deciphered in A.D. 1837 by James Prinsep, yielding the key to the Brahmi script.